People / Nature

People of the Dinarides

The specificity of the Dinarides does not consist only of nature, but also of people, who from prehistoric times they live in that area. 70,000 of archaeological sites and buildings are the silent witnesses of different epochs, cultures and civilizations, which have been replacing each other here from the Bronze Era, the Ancient Greece, the Roman Empire, the Byzantine Empire, the Venetian Republic, the Ottoman Empire, the Austro-Hungarian... This region of the world has always been a point of attachment and detachment of the different cultures of Europe, which resulted in the creation of three main religions. At times, connecting, at times disconnecting, this cultural diversity is also one of the many amazing features of the Dinarides. However, what has shaped the identity, culture and life in this area more than the world's great civilizations and religions, is nature. Life at the junction of the high karst mountains and the sea, through the centuries built a special type of people – the Dinaric.   To survive, they had to live in unbreakable harmony with nature. Fishing, animal husbandry, traditional crafts and skills in this area are examples of sustainable living and respect for nature. Therefore, this area is nowadays so well preserved, because, in order to survive, people had to respect and protect the nature around them. However, a difficult way of life has led to the emigration of a large number of residents from the area of the Dinarides. Those who remained are presently living in one of the best preserved natural areas of Europe. It is an opportunity and great potential to be successful examples of development of local areas through a combination of agriculture and tourism.

Dinarides are an example proving that in the world there are still areas where the taste and manner of preparation of herbs, meat, cheese, fish, wine, honey, olive oil and other gifts of nature occurred at the junction of the only karst landscape in Europe and Mediterranean has not changed for centuries.

Mirila (Measures)

03/04/2017 -

Mirila (Measures) are sepulchral landmarks alongside the paths and trails of Velebit. They were created between the 17th and the 20th century, and are associated with a sepulchral custom of the local population who had to carry their dead to the cemetery because the church and the cemetery were far away. They consist of a headstone and a footstone, with a paving between them. The length of the deceased was measured and marked with two stone tablets, so the measure was made after the deceased was buried. They were worshipped and visited more than the grave, where “only the body lies, without the soul that remained at the measure”.

Stećci Medieval Tombstones Graveyards

03/04/2017 -

This serial property combines 28 sites, located in Bosnia and Herzegovina, western Serbia, western Montenegro and central and southern Croatia, representing these cemeteries and regionally distinctive medieval tombstones, or stećci. The cemeteries, which date from the 12th to 16th centuries CE, are laid out in rows, as was the common custom in Europe from the Middle Ages. The stećci are mostly carved from limestone. They feature a wide range of decorative motifs and inscriptions that represent iconographic continuities within medieval Europe as well as locally distinctive traditions.

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Pastures

31/08/2016 - National park Biogradska gora

In the area of Old Montenegro in the past most of the population was engaged in animal husbandry, which was woven into all life processes. As part of the herding life emerged in the specific mountain settlements from the XII century known as pastures.Livestock pastures settlements were located on the slopes of Bjelasica. There are rules herders their huts - apartments, as well as other supporting facilities of the wood, where they stayed a certain part of the year. Cattle are grazed first in the rural commune, and then on the mountain since the beginning of summer, when the growing season the strongest, until the end of August, when returning to their villages. The beauty of summer pastures is in its simplicity and functionality. With the huts were erected and others outbuildings dairy - less private huts that serve exclusively for work around the milk. It is cooked with milk feathering of the tubs, spread and bought cream - cream. Depending on the number of cattle there are pens or Stops for sheep and cattle in particular. They made ​​the poles of the suitors, which is on top of sharp, set into the ground, coupled with wicker.

Idyllic alpine pastures life (full of joy and happiness), the best they knew those who lived such a life. The children played together, while the FIES often in the evening in one of the cottages on the Presidents gathered. There are women knitted, spun wool and comb, a young played games accompanied by song and story until dawn. Animated pastures in order to develop tourism and the tourism industry attracts nature lovers, while for those who want to learn about the traditional way of life of our ancestors, we should wait for better times.

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