Location and surface
Nature Park "Cicelj" is located in the eastern part of Republika Srpska, in the municipality of Čajniče. The area lies next to the town of Čajniče, east and south of it. It is mostly on the northern sides of the Kovač massif.
The total area of state forests and forest land in the Cicelj Nature Park covers an area of 185.59 ha or 56% of the total area. Dominated by high forests with natural regeneration, where the average is 415 m3 / ha. According to the data, the area of private forests and other private land in the area of the Cicelj Nature Park is 127.19 ha or 39% of the total area.
The first legal protection of the Cicelj area dates back to 1969, when the Institute for the Protection of Cultural Monuments of Bosnia and Herzegovina placed this area under protection by Decision No. 06-31-1699. Now the nature park "Cicelj" is managed by the "Vučevica" Čajniče.
The protected area includes the center of Cicelj, whose roof of the anticline extends for 1.5 km from the top of Stražica in the south to the elevation in the north. It is wider in the northern part, and narrower in the south, because Cicelj is the lateral anticline of the Kovač ridge (which extends in the east-west direction), from which it "emerges", hovering over the truncated gorge of Janjina. The parts of the Cicelj anticline are very steep, especially on the northwest and north sides, where the slope reaches steep values (> 60 °). The lowest point is in the northwestern part, where Janjina leaves the area, and is 768 m. The highest point is the peak Stražica (1432 m). Thus, the hypsometric amplitude is 664 m. Other peaks are lower: Trojan (1337 m), Cicelj (1281 m) and Orlovice (990 m). The river Janjina here, within its scope, has a gorge narrowing, from which it exits into a narrow valley, below the town and further downstream. The northern shore of this gorge is a volcanogenic formation, known as Orlovica (Orlovačke stijene). South of Stražica, the ridge descends steeply to the south, crossing the valleys to the Trojan hill, which rises alone, in the northeastern part of the so-called karst valley.
From the northern to the southern point, the energy of the relief gradually decreases, so the relief is of a very wide range, from cliffs to flat meadows.
The southeastern slopes of Cicelj are occupied by a mesoclimatically conditioned beech and fir forest, without spruce (Abieti-Fagetum), of a mountainous character.
Within the forest of beech and spruce (Abieti-Fagetum), along the southeastern edge (Klani dolovi) there are mesophilic meadows Festuco-Agrostetum. The edges of these meadows acquire the character of a specific transitional vegetation, whose indicator is the cherry tree (Veratrum lobelianum Bernh. 1807). On the clearings of somewhat milder slopes east of the top of Cicelj, after the cessation of mowing and grazing, there was a series of successions, over the aspen (Populetum tremulae, Populo abietum).
The vast beech-fir-spruce forest (Piceo-Abieti-Fagetum) is the most widespread phytocenosis on a wider scale. The mountain climate did not offer people an alternative: as a much-needed firewood, beech has always had an advantage over pine. The result of this long and systematic anthropogenic factor is the emergence of the secondary dark coniferous taiga of fir and spruce (Abieti-Piceetum-moesiacum), which today occupies more space than the primeval forest, as well as pure spruce forests (Piceetum montanum). By clearing the primary forest, acidified types of the Festuco-Agrostetum mountain meadow community were obtained; on shallower soil, this conditioned the development of meadows with herons (Agrostio-Asphodeletum albae), and their neglect created marginal heaths with blueberries (Vaccinietum myrtilli). The mentioned meadows and heaths have largely started vegetation progressions through juniper and maple (Juniperetum communis, Junipero - Piceetum, Aceri-Piceetum). Group cuttings of the taiga have created and continue to create islands of nitrohygrophilous vegetation of cuttings, e.g. with nightshade (Atropetum belladonae), bull's eye (Telekietum speciosae) or raspberry (Rubetum idaei). Thanks to its steep slope, the taiga fir type with spruce (Spiraeo-Abietetum) has been spared significant changes (it is closest to the rainforest state). On the other hand, ancient fires removed the original pine (Humilo-Pinetum nigrae) from limestone ridges and peaks, so in their place today we find grassy rocks with Bosnian iris (Potentillo-Caricetum humilis).
The mountain taiga of spruce and fir (Abieti-Piceetum) is by far the largest ecosystem of Cicelj, which is widespread in the wider area (Vučevice, Stakorine, Kovač). It represents a secondary forest, ie. anthropogenic derivative of the previous community. With the loss of beech, mature forms of humus were replaced by raw ones, the forest lost its neutrophilic character, which was accompanied by changes in floristic composition. The geospectrum received more boreal and circumpolar geoelements, and the cenospectrum more acidophytic-oligophytic syntaxons, to the detriment of meso-neutrophytic ones. The previously mentioned species can be joined by the species Lonicera alpigena, Monotropa hypopytis, Omalothecca sylvatica, Oxalis acetosella ..
Impressive, perfectly straight coniferous trees, organic horizon of conifers, air enriched with essential oils - provide recognizable attributes of mountain park-forest.
Spa tourism (air spa)
Adrenaline tourism (canyoning ..)
Children's and youth tourism, arranging leisure centers as semi-functional units with various recreational facilities, sports and eco camps, space for schools in nature, workshops, art colonies, excursions through arranging and equipping picnic areas, lookouts and recreational trails, info points,
Sports and recreation with the arrangement and construction of appropriate facilities, cycling, trim tracks etc.
Cultural-manifestation tourism through the affirmation of natural and created area values
From the roads through the protected area, the main road Čajniče - Pljevlja passes and the macadam road which leads to the hunting lodge on Trojan and the top of Stražica. The road Čajniče - Pljevlja intersects the eastern part of the park in the length of about 3 km. The macadam road leading from Stražica to Trojan in the extreme southern part includes a fork on two branches leading to the surrounding villages. The nearest airport is in Sarajevo at a distance of about 116 km.
Management: ŠG "Vučevica" Čajniče
Address: Kralja Petra I oslobodioca, 13.
Phone: + 387 (0) 58 315 326
Fax: + 387 (0) 58 315 326