Nature Park
Prača

basic information
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surface

surface

4 km²

number of visitors

number of visitors

0

number of visitors

established

2021

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Location

 

Prača Nature Park is located in the eastern part of Republic of Srpska (BiH), covering the middle part of the Prača River flow and basin. The canyon itself stretches from the settlement of Mesići (municipality of Rogatica) to the settlement of Renovica (municipality of Pale, formerly Pale-Prača) which belongs to the Federation of BiH. The shape of the borders defines the direction of extension in the direction from southeast to northwest, the southernmost point is at 43 ° 44'43 '', and the northernmost point at 43 ° 49'2 '' north latitude, the westernmost point is at 18 ° 49 ' 1 '', and east at 18 ° 59'12 '' east longitude. Administratively Nature Park "Prača" belongs to the municipality of Rogatica.

History

 

In the past, three natural assets have been protected within the scope of the Nature Park. Namely, in 1957, the National Institute for Monuments of Culture and Natural Rarities issued three separate Decisions on the protection of gorges in the canyon of the river Prača, the cave Banj Stijena and the cave Govještica. In the past, Banj Stijena was considered a valuable speleological object from Govještica, so this cave was also explored in the Austro-Hungarian period. In 2010 more serious research on Govještica began, and it became clear what a natural object it was. Research until 2013 determined that this is the largest known cave system in BiH with a total channel length of 9682 meters. With this knowledge and the perceived value and need for the protection of this area, the Decision of the Government of Republic of Srpska on the proclamation of the Nature Park "Prača" was passed on April 1, 2021.

Nature

 

Various forms of endogenous and exogenous relief are widespread in the Nature Park, and karst relief with its forms is dominant. Of the surface forms, the most common forms are sinkholes, which are particularly located in the extreme northwestern, western and southwestern parts. The most dominant relief unit of this area is the gorge-canyon valley of the river Prača, in some places with a depth of over 400 meters. Thick layers of limestone contain endogenous forms of relief that give the greatest value to this area. The most important forms are caves, and there are several pits.

This area is characterized by a temperate continental climate that turns into sub-mountainous at higher altitudes. Winters are often very harsh, while summers are moderately warm and occasionally cool. The average annual temperature is about 8 ° C.

And if the name of the Nature Park is derived from the river Prača, this area is characterized by a poorly developed surface river network. The reason for this is the limestone substrate and its porosity. The Prača River itself is 62.6 km long and has a catchment area of ​​1109 km2 and is a left tributary of the Drina. In the examined area that belongs to the Republic of Srpska, the research determined the presence of 714 taxes, which is an exceptional number in a relatively small area. A significant number of endemic and relict species are present. Many endemic species are also relict. According to the regulation on the red list of protected species of RS, there are 71 or 10.22% of taxa in this area. Among the forest vegetation, the mosaic forests of cera, sessile oak and beech forest stand out. Prača Nature Park is characterized by the diversity of the animal world, primarily due to the diversity of geographical forms in a small area. The presence of 11 species of mammals (brown bear, gray wolf, red fox, roe deer, wild boar, etc.) was determined. This area is suitable for birds to live in, and research has determined 85 species.

Sights

 

 This area has always been suitable for human life. Life from the Middle Ages stands out, from which the remains of the town of Borča and several necropolises of stećak tombstones date. The town of Borča was the center of events in that period of the eastern part of medieval Bosnia. There are several necropolises of stećak tombstones from this period, and the most representative were transferred to the National Museum in Sarajevo. What makes this area special is the rest of the Austro-Hungarian railway Sarajevo-Visegrad, along the course of the Prača, with its many tunnels. The hydroelectric power plant from 1950 (one of the oldest in BiH) also stands out, which is in function and represents an exceptional monument of construction of that period.

Tourism

 

The tourist potential is huge and unique. It is characterized by diversity. There are many types of tourism that could be realized, and they are: eco-tourism, scientific-educational tourism, sports-recreational tourism, health tourism, historical-cultural tourism, adventure tourism, etc. Special interesting tourist facilities can be divided into types of social and natural origin. Potential tourist facilities of social origin are: the medieval town of Borač, necropolises of stećak tombstones (Varošište, Lađevine, etc.), the remains of the Austro-Russian railway as a potential ideal path for cycling, etc.

Representatives of tourist facilities of natural origin are: numerous caves, the most important of which are Govještica, Banj stijena and Golubovići cave, then viewpoints (Banj stijena, Karačići, Bošnjakinja), steep cliffs of the canyon suitable for the development of adventure tourism and diversity of bird fauna (85 species). development of birdwatching tourism. We can say that the most important object of this nature park is the Govještica cave, which is the longest cave in BiH with almost ten kilometers of explored canals. According to some researchers, it ranks among the top of European caves in terms of the beauty of its jewelry, and according to some researchers, even in the most beautiful cave in Europe. If it managed to "train" in tourism, it would certainly be one of the most famous sights of BiH.

Connection

 

Prača Nature Park has good traffic connections and is not isolated from traffic. A road connecting Mesići with Renovica runs along the canyon. Not far from the park, there is a main road that connects the municipalities of Višegrad, Goražde, Rogatica and Sokolac and continues to Sarajevo. Of the internationally important traffic facilities, the proximity of the airport "Butmir" Sarajevo is important (air distance about 45 km from the park).

 

Contact

 

Forest management "Sjemeć" Rogatica

      Phone: 058 / 415-024

      Email: sjemec@sumers.org

Rogatica Tourist Organization

      Phone: 058 / 420-581

      Email: turizamrg@yahoo.com